The Housing Act 2004 and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 require landlords to take all reasonable steps to ensure their premises are made safe from fire. The Housing Act is enforced by the Local Housing Authority and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (FSO) is enforced by the Local Fire Authority.
The FSO introduced duties in relation to fire safety in the common areas of houses in multiple occupation (HMOs), flats, maisonettes and sheltered accommodation. The duty is placed on the “responsible person”, who is required to carry out a risk assessment and take specific action to minimise the risk of fire. Responsible person means “ the person who has control of the premises in connection to carrying on of trade, business or other undertaking”. In practice this will usually be the landlord.
Further guidance on fire safety standards required in HMOs, flats, maisonettes and sheltered housing can be downloaded free from the LACORS website