The Housing Act 2004 and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 require landlords to take all reasonable steps to ensure their premises are made safe from fire. The Housing Act is enforced by the Local Housing Authority and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (FSO) is enforced by the Local Fire Authority.
The FSO introduced duties in relation to fire safety in the common areas of houses in multiple occupation (HMOs), flats, maisonettes and sheltered accommodation. The duty is placed on the “responsible person”, who is required to carry out a risk assessment and take specific action to minimise the risk of fire. Responsible person means “ the person who has control of the premises in connection to carrying on of trade, business or other undertaking”. In practice this will usually be the landlord.
Further guidance on fire safety standards required in HMOs, flats, maisonettes and sheltered housing can be accessed via the following link Private Renting
Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015
The Government has introduce regulations requiring private sector landlords to install smoke alarms on each storey of their property, carbon monoxide alarms in the rooms considered most at risk from high levels of carbon monoxide and to check the alarms are in working order at the start of any new tenancy.
This regulation came into force on 1st October 2015 as part of the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015.
The Government estimate the regulations will result in up to 36 fewer fatalities and 1,529 fewer injuries over a 10 year period.
Landlords can purchase alarms at local hardware stores or online.
If you are a private tenant and you do not think your landlord has complied with the regulations, you should contact your local housing authority as they are responsible for enforcing the regulations.
Further information regarding Smoke and Carbon Monoxide alarm regulations can be accessed via the following link Landlord Guidance
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